On his first trip to the UNGA, Rouhani spoke directly with Obama by phone. This phone call initiated direct Iran-US talks during the nuclear negotiations, which led to the agreement known in Iran as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (BARJAAM), and other two-sided negotiations, including a prisoner exchange program.
The Iranian government’s approach, according to many analysts, was to strengthen their strategy, which consisted in negotiating even with the US and even over the most complex issues. However, this policy of dialog hit a number of roadblocks. The JCPOA had ended an era of unwanted international isolation for Iran, something that Iran’s enemies did not see favorably. As the agreement led to political tensions between American political institutions and affected the US’ relations with its regional allies, its implementation process itself was met with numerous challenges.
The implementation of the JCPOA has faced challenges since Day one, in spite of Rouhani’s fruitful meetings with the heads of state of major European countries, which was meant to help convince Europe to part ways with the US as far as the JCPOA implentation was concerned. Therefore, despite Iran and 5+1 having come to an agreement as a result of Iran’s win-win strategy, America's one-sided sanctions and its obstruction strategy against Iran-Europe banking relations has created multiple obstacles. The White House's treacherous policy triggered a new series of issues and negotiations between Iran and the US.
When he first attended the UN General Assembly in 2013, Rouhani presented his proposal entitled “A world against violence and extremism”, which was adopted as a resolution by 190 votes despite the lone unfavorable vote of Israel. According to the resolution, all UN members, UN bodies, other international organizations and NGOs were asked to establish new policies and practical solutions to fight violence and extremism through education and the actions of social institutions. Yet, because of the non-cooperation of some countries in the past 3 years, extremism (which generates violence) and its repercussions have been expanding vastly and the flames of war that started in Syria and Iraq are no longer bound by geographical borders. They have become a threat to peace and security around the globe.
In his upcoming trip to New York, Rouhani will continue to encourage UN members to join hands to fight against the economic forces that strengthen ideologies based on extremism and violence. But this time, he will find himself in a totally different position. He has signed the nuclear agreement; he has managed to reduce the intensity of Iranophobia to a remarkable extent ; he has brought stability back to the domestic market ; and finally, he has demonstrated the importance of Iran’s role in resolving regional crises.