The automobile industry plays an undeniable role in air pollution in Iran and has caused some serious issues. More and more automakers are working on changing engine technologies from gasoline to diesel, hybrid and electric-propelled systems. Although those systems are not universal and popular yet, they will hopefully - in the next few years -replace gasoline-powered vehicles.
In Iran, various technical and practical research projects have been implemented. According to experts, the manufacturing of clean fuel vehicles could reach an advanced stage but the implementation of these projects on a large scale requires national commitment and support from the government.
The Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO) is one of the entities that have entered this field. A conference organized together with the French Petroleum Institute (IFPEN) and entitled "The role of vehicle dynamics in sustainable transportation” will be held in Tehran on July 27th and 28th. Further details were released during a press conference at the headquarter of the organization to advertise the event and its content.
At the beginning of the press conference, Fardad Daliri, the head of development for IDRO, introduced French oil companies and explained:
“Thanks to the last improvements in systems that aims to optimize gasoline and diesel engines and to reduce the ecological footprint, the French Petroleum Institute (IFPEN), a research and engineering organization recognized in Europe, has conducted extensive research in the field of internal combustion, gasoline, electric and hybrid engines. We are honored by their presence and look forward to hearing about their latest findings and endeavors.”
This conference was decided during recent negotiations after the Iranian counterpart recognized that IFPEN holds scientific and executive authority in its field. Others institutions and companies among which local automobile manufacturers, research institutes (like the Engine Research Center), automotive test centers, technical inspectors, the Ministry of Petroleum, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Technology of the Iranian Presidency, the Interior Ministry, the municipality of Tehran, will all be invited to the 2-day conference to get acquainted with those new concepts that should help make decisions at the national level.
Mr. Daliri made it clear that reducing environmental pollution and improving fuel quality cannot be solved by a unique actor but requires the cooperation of all the relevant institutions. The Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran will not solve the problem on its own, but this conference will present an opportunity to advance other issues regarding the railroad industry and the car industry.
“The institute is an academic institution which is neither commercial nor governmental and enjoys worldwide reputation. It has been a long time since this institute first cooperated with the Iranian oil industry on different dossiers such as license sales, refinery and petrochemical processes. Its activities encompass the sale of software and processes unrelated to the automobile industry. We are looking to use the technical knowledge of IFPEN alongside other companies’, including Korean companies. According to the strategic plan for the automobile industry, manufacturers have been constrained to reach designated objectives in terms of fuel consumption and pollution emission.”
The program is already set to design three new engines and increasing efforts will focus on passenger cars and diesel engines.
Following the meeting, the director of the Iranian organization also pointed out the objectives of the upcoming conference: "The role of vehicle dynamics in sustainable transportation will be crucial: we are committed to help the government for the implementation of programs aiming to introduce and strengthen new technical challenges.”
The objective of this conference is to reach agreements and get contracts signed. Some projects related to the automotive industry aim to downgrade engines so as to reduced fuel consumption in internal combustion, others intend to develop new technologies in order to build electric and hybrid vehicles.
The conference will also provide solutions to various organizations, including the Ministry of Oil, to supply cleaner fuels. The institute has been introduced to various organizations by the Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran.
According to Mr. Afshari, the executive secretary of the conference:
“At the time of President Rouhani’s trip to France in February 2016, the head of the Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran and the Director of the Institute of French Petroleum signed a letter of understanding in order to plan the forthcoming conference”.
In addition, negotiations with foreign parties took place to discuss the establishment of a joint technical office scheduled open after the conference. Diesel, gasoline, gas-based, electric and hybrid engines as well as engineering tools developed by IFPEN in the field of design and product development will all be discussed during the 2-day event. Diesel, gasoline and natural gas engines are receiving increasing consideration. The technical solutions in sustainable transportation developed by the French will be presented by senior executives of IFPEN. Hybrid and electric cars represent challenges at the international level.
During the conference a panel will gather to discuss "engineering tools”; new engineering software products will be available for testing and product development in the automotive field will be provided. According to the executive secretary of the conference, this event is not a joint venture but the French will present their achievements and fundamental activities in electric and hybrid vehicles.
In the past few years, the increase of air pollution has prompted foreign automakers to initiate various research projects and organize seminars which outcomes are not perceptible yet. Therefore, implementing the processes discovered and discussed at this conference will be a real challenge, as stated by Fardad Daliri:
“The government’s support will be absolutely necessary if we want to reduce air pollution and implement new technologies. Various stimulus packages should be prepared and are expected to be enacted by 2017. From a technical perspective, we are reaching an acceptable situation but the governmental support will definitely be the key.”